History Happened Here

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Tallahassee

Leon County

Year Founded: 1825Founded by: John Lee Williams and Dr. William SimmonsPreviously known as: Anhaica (Apalachee Indian capital), Mission San Luis de Talimali (Iniahica), Tallahassa Taloofa

History

Tallahassee’s roots began at the center of the Apalachee Indian culture. Anhaica, the principle Apalachee village was located atop a hill to the southeast of the present-day capitol. During 1539, Spanish Explorer De Soto camped at this location before traveling westward in search of gold. In 1656, Mission San Luis was founded near the Apalchee village of Iniahica by Franciscan friars from St. Augustine. From 1633 to 1702, Spanish Missions flourished in north Florida. In 1702, the British in the Carolinas began a series of invasions from 1702-04 and attacked the Spanish Missions and destroyed the Apalachee Indian culture. Afterwards, this area of Florida was left largely uninhabited. Creek and Seminole Indians from Alabama and Georgia resettled the area. The Seminoles founded a new village in the area and named it Tallahassa – meaning land of the old fields or abandoned town. In 1823, the Territorial Council of the new US Territory of Florida decided a new meeting location was needed between the two territorial capitals: St. Augustine in East Florida and Pensacola in West Florida. Tallahassee was officially selected by the Territorial Council in 1824.

Little Known Facts

Historical Sites

Name: Florida State University
Location: 600 West College Avenue, Tallahassee, Florida, 32306
Historical Significance: Major state university

Name: Camp Gordon Johnston World War II Museum
Location: 1001 Gray Avenue, Carrabelle, FL 32322
Historical Significance: Training site for WW2 D-Day landings in Normandy, France

Name: Pebble Hill Plantation
Location: Thomasville, GA 31799
Historical Significance: Antebellum plantation

Name: Florida A & M University
Location: 1700 Lee Hall Dr., Tallahassee, Florida 32307
Historical Significance: Major state university / HBCU

Name: Florida Museum of Natural History
Location: RA Gray Building / Downtown, 500 S. Bronough St., Tallahassee, FL 32399
Historical Significance: State archives and museum of Florida history

Name: Mission San Luis de Talimali
Location: 2100 West Tennessee St., Tallahassee, FL 32304
Historical Significance: Site of 1600s Spanish Mission

Name: Hernando DeSoto Encampment Site
Location: 1022 De Soto Park Dr, Tallahassee, FL 32301
Historical Significance: Site of De Soto's 1539 encampment - the 1st Chirstmas held America

Name: Fort Gadsden Historic State Park
Location: Apalachicola National Forrest, Brickyard Rd, Eastpoint, FL 32328
Historical Significance: Site of Seminole Wars fort

Name: Knott House
Location: 301 E. Park Ave.Tallahassee, FL 32301
Historical Significance: Home of William Valentine Knott; Florida State Auditor and State Treasurer

Name: John G. Riley Museum of African American History and Culture
Location: 419 E. Jefferson St., Tallahassee, FL 32301
Historical Significance:

Name: 148 Old Fort Rd., St. Marks, FL 32355
Location: Fort San Marcos de Apalachee
Historical Significance: Site of old Spanish Fort

Name: 7000 Pisgah Church Road, Tallahassee, FL 32309
Location: Pisgah Church
Historical Significance: Built in 1858, one of Florida's oldest Methodist churches

Name: 3540 Thomasville Rd, Tallahassee, FL 32309 (entrance to park is on Maclay Road)
Location: Alfred B. Maclay State Gardens (f/k/a Killearn Gardens)
Historical Significance: State gardens / State park

Name: 3600 Indian Mounds Rd., Tallahassee, FL 32303
Location: Lake Jackson Mounds Archaeological State Park
Historical Significance: Native American burial grounds

Name: 3945 Museum Dr, Tallahassee, FL 32310
Location: Tallahassee Museum (f/k/a Junior Museum)
Historical Significance: Early Florida exhibits including the Catherine Murat House

Name: St. Marks Federal Wildlife Preserve, St. Marks, FL
Location: St. Marks Lighthouse
Historical Significance: Historic coastal lighthouse on the Gulf of Mexico

Name: St. Marks / Wakulla Co., FL
Location: Wakulla Springs State Park
Historical Significance: Spring-fed river with pristine, clear water

Name: 4500 Sunray Rd., Tallahassee, FL 32309
Location: Letchworth-Love Mounds State Park
Historical Significance: Native American burial grounds

Name: 7502 Natural Bridge Rd, Woodville, Florida 32305
Location: Natural Bridge Civil War Battlefield
Historical Significance: Site of March, 1865 skirmish to defend the capital city

Name: 400 South Monroe Street, Tallahassee, FL 32301
Location: Current State Capitol Building
Historical Significance: Florida Capitol

Name: Florida Historic Capitol Museum
Location: 400 South Monroe Street
Historical Significance: Historic State Capitol Building (1845 – 1978), restored to its 1902 appearance

Name: intersection of Park Avenue & Monroe Street
Location: Park Avenue Chain of Parks
Historical Significance: site of many City festivals & gatherings

Name: Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd and Park Avenue
Location: Old City Cemetery
Historical Significance: Tallahassee's first public cemetery

Name: 211 North Monroe Street, Tallahassee, FL 32301
Location: St. Johns Episcopal Church
Historical Significance: Rebuilt in 1879 after a fire.

Name: 219 Apalachee Parkway, Tallahassee, FL 32301
Location: Union Bank
Historical Significance: Built in 1841, it is Florida's oldest surviving bank building

Name: Downtown, 102 N. Adams Street, Tallahassee, FL 32301
Location: First Presbyterian Church
Historical Significance:

Name: 100 North Duval Street, Tallahassee, FL 32301
Location: The Columns
Historical Significance: Antebellum home of Gov. Richard Keith Call

Name: 1600 Miccosukee Rd., Tallahassee, FL 32308
Location: Goodwood Plantation
Historical Significance: Antebellum plantation house & grounds

Name: Tallahassee Regional Airport, 3300 Capital Circle Southwest, Tallahassee, FL 32310
Location: City of Tallahassee Aviation Museum
Historical Significance: Historic images of Tallahassee's aviation history

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